Abstract: We study the problem of data propagation in sensor networks,
comprised of a large number of very small and low-cost nodes,
capable of sensing, communicating and computing. The distributed
co-operation of such nodes may lead to the accomplishment of large
sensing tasks, having useful applications in practice. We present a new protocol for data propagation towards a control center ("sink") that avoids flooding by probabilistically favoring certain ("close to optimal") data transmissions. Motivated by certain applications and also as a starting point for a rigorous analysis, we study here lattice-shaped sensor networks. We however show that this lattice shape emerges even in randomly deployed sensor networks of sufficient sensor density. Our work is inspired and builds upon the directed diffusion paradigm.
This protocol is very simple to implement in sensor devices, uses only local information and operates under total absence of co-ordination between sensors. We consider a network model of randomly deployed sensors of sufficient density. As shown by a geometry analysis, the protocol is correct, since it always propagates data to the sink, under ideal network conditions (no failures). Using stochastic processes, we show that the protocol is very energy efficient. Also, when part of the network is inoperative, the protocol manages to propagate data very close to the sink, thus in this sense it is robust. We finally present and discuss large-scale experimental findings validating the analytical results.
Abstract: In recent years, the evolution of urban environments, jointly with the progress of the Information and Communication sector, have enabled the rapid adoption of new solutions that contribute to the growth in popularity of Smart Cities. Currently, the majority of the world population
lives in cities encouraging different stakeholders within these innovative ecosystems to seek new solutions guaranteeing the sustainability and efficiency of such complex environments. In this work, it is discussed how the experimentation with IoT technologies and other data sources form the cities can be utilized to co-create in the OrganiCity project, where key actors like citizens, researchers and other stakeholders shape smart city services and applications in a collaborative fashion. Furthermore,
a novel architecture is proposed that enables this organic growth of the future cities, facilitating the experimentation that tailors the adoption of new technologies and services for a better quality of life, as well as agile and dynamic mechanisms for managing cities. In this work, the different components and enablers of the OrganiCity platform are presented and discussed in detail and include, among others, a portal to manage the experiment life cycle, an Urban Data Observatory to explore data assets,
and an annotations component to indicate quality of data, with a particular focus on the city-scale opportunistic data collection service operating as an alternative to traditional communications.
Abstract: One of the most important features in image analysis and understanding is shape. Mathematical morphology is the image processing branch that deals with shape analysis. The definition of all morphological transformations is based on two primitive operations, i.e. dilation and erosion. Since many applications require the solution of morphological problems in real time, researching time efficient algorithms for these two operations is crucial.
In this paper, efficient algorithms for the binary as well as the grey level dilation and erosion are presented and evaluated for an advanced associative processor. It is shown through simulation results that the above architecture is near optimal in the binary case and is also as efficient as the array processor with a 2D-mesh interconnection in the grey level case. Finally, it is proven that the implementation of this image processing machine is economically feasible